Captivate Research

Risk Factors and Prevention

Who is at increased risk to get CAP?

What are the risk factors?

Pneumonia can affect anyone.
But the two age groups at highest risk are:

  • Children who are less than 2 years of age,
  • People over age 65.

Underlying conditions that are risk factors include:

Chronic Diseases

Most commonly asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart disease and kidney disease, diabetes, cancer and neurologic disease.


Smoking is a risk because it damages the lungs and limits natural defences against the bacteria and viruses that cause pneumonia.

Weakened Immune System

A weakened or suppressed immune system from cancer, HIV/AIDS, organ transplant,
chemotherapy or long-term steroid treatment.

How can you prevent CAP?

  • Vaccines (Adults & Children)
  • Better diet
  • Exercise
  • Weight Loss
  • Optimizing control and management of underlying illnesses as listed above.


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